All glory to my Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ who perfects that which concerns meDr. P.P. Joy, Associate Professor of Agronomy, Kerala Agricultural University, AMPRS, Odakkali, Asamannoor-683 549, Ernakulam, Tel:+91-484-2658221, Fax:+91-484-2659881, Email:amprs@satyam.net.in, amprskau@gmail.com     Res: Pazhampillil, Kummanode, Pattimattom P.O., Ernakulam, Kerala, India, PIN-683 562, Tel:+91-484-2689105, Email:joyppkau@gmail.com, joysujapaul@hotmail.com

Home
Contents
Brief Profile
Academic
Mission
Interests
KAU Service
Projects
Achievements
Awards
Training
Publications
Malayalam
Services
Family
Photo Gallery
Time Line
Search
Contact
Calculator
Adobe Reader
Manglish
Fontsmart
AMPRS
Links

 

 

Station-wise project highlights

Crop variety released

01. Crop                                  : Cinnamomum verum (True Cinnamon)

02. Variety                               : Sugandhini (ODC-130)

03. Year of Release                  : 2000

04. Institute                              : Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali

05. Pedigree                             : Single tree selection from a collection of 234 accessions

                                                  maintained at the Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research

                                                  Station, Odakkali

06. Areas of Adoption              : All regions of Kerala

07. Maturity Group                   : Medium sized tree

08. Morphological Characters   :

   08.1. Habit                            : An evergreen densely foliaceous tree with aromatic bark

                                                   and leaves

   08.2. Leaves                         : Small to medium ( 4 -12 x 2-6 cm), Simple, exstipulate,

                                                  mostly opposite but rarely sub opposite, coreaceous,

                                                  oblong, lanceolate, glabrous, acuminate, mostly with three

                                                  nerves changing into five.                                                           

  08.3. Flowers                         : Many (16-24 is the usual number in a single branchlet of

                                                   panicle)small (1.3cm), white, bisexual, hypogynous in

                                                   subterminal panicle. Perianth tube short, funnel shaped,

                                                   lobes six.

  08.4. Androecium                   : Stamens-9, in two whorls, outer 6 and inner-3, opposite

                                                  to perianth lobes, anthers 4 celled, introse.

  08.5. Gynoecium                    : Ovary sessile, unicellular, superior, unilocular with single

                                                   anatrophous ovule. Style thick and stigma discoid

  08.6. Fruit                              : Berry seated on cup shaped enlarged perianth tube

  08.7. Seed                             : Non endospermic, pendulous, testa membraneous.

09. Distinguishing characters     :

  09.1. Plant height                    : 319 cm

  09.2. Canopy Spread             : 291 cm

  09.3. Canopy characteristic    : Semi compact

  09.4. Canopy shape               : Sperical

  09.5. Colour of flushes            : Purple coloured

  09.6. Fresh leaf yield              : 18 kg/tree/ year

  09.7. Dry leaf yield                 : 8 kg/ tree/ year

  09.8. Leaf oil yield                  : 295 ml/ tree/ year

  09.9. Eugenol content             : 94 %

  09.10. Oil recovery  on

             Fresh weight  basis      : 1.6%

  09.11. Oil recovery on

                 Dry weight basis      : 3.7%

  09.12. Eugenol yield               : 275 ml/tree/ year

10. Plant yield                           : 125 kg/ha of leaf oil containing 94% eugenol

 

12. Diseases and pest incidences           : No major diseases or pest noticed.

13. Specific characteristics                    :

14. Specific recommendations   :

01.Crop                                   : Curculigo orchioides (Nilappana)

02. Institute                              : Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali

03. Pedigree                             : Local collection

04. Areas of Adoption              : Planes to 1600M. Common on the floor of scarb jungles

                                                 (plains) and on slops(hills). Abundant in disturbed ground

05. Morphological characters

    05.1. Habit                           : Herbaceous

    05.2. Root stock                  : Elongate, 5-25cm, vertical

    05.3. Leaves                        : (5-20 x 0.8-1.5cm), very variable narrowly linear to

                                                   lanceolate, acute, plicate or fiat. Petiole short to 3cm, 

                                                   often absent

    05.4. Flowers                       : Light yellow, bisexual, sessile, regular, 1.2cm. Perianth

                                                   six lobed, lobes yellow ( 0.6-1x 0.2-0.3cm), stamens-6,

                                                   filaments filiform, to 2mm, anthers 2mm, ovary 3celled, 

                                                   oblong to 4mm. Ovules numerous per cell, style 2mm,

                                                   stigma-3, lobes elongate.

    05.5. Fruit                            : Oblong, 1.5-2cm long 8mm broad

    05.6. Seed                           :  8, globose to 2mm, beaked, fruit throughout the year

06. Reaction to major diseases  : Not reported

07. Medicinal Properties                       : Root stocks are sweet, cooling, bitter, diuretic,

                                                              carminative and tonic useful in pruritus, skin 

                                                              diseases, asthma, bronchitis, jaundice, diarrhea,

                                                              cuts and wounds, colic, vomiting etc.

08. Specific characteristics                    : The plant is distributed in planes and shows 

                                                               prostrate growth on moist fertile soil

 09. Specific recommendations   :

01. Crop                                  : Curculigo trichocarpa (Nilappana)

02. Institute                              : Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali

03. Pedigree                             : Collected from the forest regions of Ernakulam district.

04. Areas of Adoption              : Common on hills above 1000 M, in shades

05. Morphological characters

    05.1. Habit                           : Herbaceous

    05.2. Root stock                  : Elongate, erect

    05.3. Leaves                        : (9-25 x 1.5-3.5cm), lanceolate, flat-plicate, thin,

                                                   coriaceous, prominently 7 nerved below. Petioles usually

                                                   very long up to 25cm                                                             

    05.4. Flowers                       : Flowers to 1cm across, regular, usually bisexual,

                                                  sometimes male at the top. Perianth lobes 6, yellow, 3.8x

                                                  2mm, 3-5 nerved. Stamens-6, filaments erect to 1.5mm,

                                                  anthers2.5mm. Ovary 3 celled, to 2mm, ovules numerous

                                                  per cell. Style coulmnar to 1.5mm.

.    05.5. Fruit                            : Oblong- ellipsoid, subterate, to 1.8x 0.4cm.

    05.6. Seed                           : globose, 2mm, not beaked.

06. Reaction to major diseases  : Not reported

07. Medicinal Properties                       : Used as a substitute for Curculigo orchioides.

08. Specific characteristics        : The plant is distributed in the forest regions of the 

                                                    state, mostly at hills. Plant is erect and shade loving.

09. Specific recommendations   :

 01. Crop                                  : Alpinia galanga ( Aratta)

02. Institute                              : Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali

03. Pedigree                             : Local collection from the near by area of the station

04. Areas of Adoption              : Western ghats, Hilly areas of the state

05. Morphological characters

    05.1. Habit                           : Perennial herb

    05.2. Leaves                        : Oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, acuminate, up to 30.in.long

                                                and 6.in. wide, very short petioled, leafy stem 6-7 feet high.

    05.3. Flowers                       : Greenish white, lip veined with red. Flowers in open

                                                   panicles up to13.in. long.

    05.4. Fruit                            : Capsule about .6in diam, orange red.

06. Plant yield ( Rhizome)

   06.1. Fresh yield                    : 35582 kg/ ha

   06.2. Dry yield                      : 7116 kg/ ha

   06.3. Oil yield                        : 71.16 L/ha

   06.4. Oil recovery on

                  fresh weight basis    : 0.20%

  06.5. Oil recovery on

                  dry weight basis      : 0.99%

  06.6. Cineole in oil                  : 38.69 %

 

07. Reaction to major diseases  : Pests noted were shoot borers, leaf eating

                                                               caterpillars and leaf miners. Fungal diseases such

                                                               as blight and leaf spot are noticed.

08. Medicinal Properties                       : Rhizome is bitter, acrid, thermogenic, aromatic,

                                                              nervine tonic, stimulant, anti inflammatory  and

                                                               tonic useful in the treatment  of arthritis, inflam-

                                                              mations, cough, asthma, bronchitis, diabetes etc.

09. Specific characteristics                    :

10. Specific recommendations   :

 01. Crop                                  : Kaempferia rotunda( Chenganirkizhangu)

02. Institute                              : Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali

03. Pedigree                             : Local collection from the near by area of the station

04. Areas of Adoption              : Western ghats, Hilly areas of the state

05. Morphological characters

    05.1. Habit                           : Perennial herb

    05.2. Leaves                        : Few, erect, oblong, acuminate up to 12.in. long and 4.in.

                                                  wide, varigated green above, tinged with purple below

    05.3. Flowers                       : Appearing before the leaves on a short , crowded, radicle

                                                  spike, fragrant, white. The lip purple or lilac, anthers

                                                  deeply 2-fid.

06. Plant yield ( Rhizome)

   06.1. Fresh yield                    : 12983 kg/ ha

   06.2. Dry yield                      : 3895 kg/ ha

   06.3. Essential oil in the rhizome         : 0.26%

   06.4. Oleoresin in the rhizome            : 5.68%

 07. Reaction to major diseases  : Not noticed

08. Medicinal Properties                       : The tubers are acrid, thermogenic, aromatic, anti

                                                              inflammatory useful in gastropathy, dropsy,

                                                              inflammations, wounds, ulcers, blood clots,

                                                               tumours, and cancerous swellings.

 09. Specific characteristics                    :

 10. Specific recommendations   :

 01. Crop                                  : Curcuma zedoaria

02. Institute                              : Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali

03. Pedigree                             : Local collection from the near by area of the station

04. Areas of Adoption              : Western ghats, Hilly areas of the state

05. Morphological characters

    05.1. Habit                           : Perennial herb

    05.2. Leaves                        : Elliptic or lanceolate-oblong, finely acuminate 1-2 ft long,

                                                   petioles long

    05.3. Flowers                       : In an dense, bracteolate, strobiliform spike terminating in

                                                   a coma of larger usually coloured, sterile bracts. Lateral

                                                    staminodes petaloid. Anthers not crested, ovary 3 celled,

                                                    ovules many, axile placentation.

    05.4. Fruit                            : Globose, 3 valved capsule

    05.5. Seed                           : Ovoid or oblong, usually arillate

06. Plant yield ( Rhizome)

   06.1. Fresh yield                    : 28.24 t/ ha

   06.2. Dry yield                      : 7.89 t/ ha

   06.3. Oil yield                        : 91.79 L/ha

   06.4. Oil recovery on

                  fresh weight basis    : 0.33%

   06.5. Oil recovery on

                  dry weight basis      : 1.05%

   06.6. Oleoresin recovery       : 5.49 %

   06.7. Oleoresin yield  : 433.11kg/ha

 07. Reaction to major diseases: Not reported

08. Medicinal Properties           : Rhizome is bitter, carminative, appetiser and tonic and are

                                                  used in combination with astringents and aromatics for

                                                   bruises, sprains, bronchitis, cough, leucoderma and skin

                                                   reuptions,

09. Specific characteristics        :

10. Specific recommendations:

Home Contents Brief Profile Academic Mission Interests KAU Service Projects Achievements Awards Training Publications Malayalam Services Family Photo Gallery Time Line Search Contact Calculator Adobe Reader Manglish Fontsmart AMPRS Links
Send mail to joyppkau@gmail.com with questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright 2004 Dr. P.P. Joy, Kerala Agricultural University
Last modified: Wednesday, 02 August 2006 11:06:23 PM, Last automatically updated: Wednesday, 02 August 2006 11:17:40 PM
 All glory to my Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ who perfects that which concerns me