All glory to my Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ who perfects that which concerns meDr. P.P. Joy, Associate Professor of Agronomy, Kerala Agricultural University, AMPRS, Odakkali, Asamannoor-683 549, Ernakulam, Tel:+91-484-2658221, Fax:+91-484-2659881, Email:amprs@satyam.net.in, amprskau@gmail.com     Res: Pazhampillil, Kummanode, Pattimattom P.O., Ernakulam, Kerala, India, PIN-683 562, Tel:+91-484-2689105, Email:joyppkau@gmail.com, joysujapaul@hotmail.com

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Station-wise project highlights

Crop variety released

01. Crop                                  : Cinnamomum verum (True Cinnamon)

02. Variety                               : Sugandhini (ODC-130)

03. Year of Release                  : 2000

04. Institute                              : Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali

05. Pedigree                             : Single tree selection from a collection of 234 accessions

                                                  maintained at the Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research

                                                  Station, Odakkali

06. Areas of Adoption              : All regions of Kerala

07. Maturity Group                   : Medium sized tree

08. Morphological Characters   :

   08.1. Habit                            : An evergreen densely foliaceous tree with aromatic bark

                                                   and leaves

   08.2. Leaves                         : Small to medium ( 4 -12 x 2-6 cm), Simple, exstipulate,

                                                  mostly opposite but rarely sub opposite, coreaceous,

                                                  oblong, lanceolate, glabrous, acuminate, mostly with three

                                                  nerves changing into five.                                                           

  08.3. Flowers                         : Many (16-24 is the usual number in a single branchlet of

                                                   panicle)small (1.3cm), white, bisexual, hypogynous in

                                                   subterminal panicle. Perianth tube short, funnel shaped,

                                                   lobes six.

  08.4. Androecium                   : Stamens-9, in two whorls, outer 6 and inner-3, opposite

                                                  to perianth lobes, anthers 4 celled, introse.

  08.5. Gynoecium                    : Ovary sessile, unicellular, superior, unilocular with single

                                                   anatrophous ovule. Style thick and stigma discoid

  08.6. Fruit                              : Berry seated on cup shaped enlarged perianth tube

  08.7. Seed                             : Non endospermic, pendulous, testa membraneous.

09. Distinguishing characters     :

  09.1. Plant height                    : 319 cm

  09.2. Canopy Spread             : 291 cm

  09.3. Canopy characteristic    : Semi compact

  09.4. Canopy shape               : Sperical

  09.5. Colour of flushes            : Purple coloured

  09.6. Fresh leaf yield              : 18 kg/tree/ year

  09.7. Dry leaf yield                 : 8 kg/ tree/ year

  09.8. Leaf oil yield                  : 295 ml/ tree/ year

  09.9. Eugenol content             : 94 %

  09.10. Oil recovery  on

             Fresh weight  basis      : 1.6%

  09.11. Oil recovery on

                 Dry weight basis      : 3.7%

  09.12. Eugenol yield               : 275 ml/tree/ year

10. Plant yield                           : 125 kg/ha of leaf oil containing 94% eugenol

 

12. Diseases and pest incidences           : No major diseases or pest noticed.

13. Specific characteristics                    :

14. Specific recommendations   :

01.Crop                                   : Curculigo orchioides (Nilappana)

02. Institute                              : Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali

03. Pedigree                             : Local collection

04. Areas of Adoption              : Planes to 1600M. Common on the floor of scarb jungles

                                                 (plains) and on slops(hills). Abundant in disturbed ground

05. Morphological characters

    05.1. Habit                           : Herbaceous

    05.2. Root stock                  : Elongate, 5-25cm, vertical

    05.3. Leaves                        : (5-20 x 0.8-1.5cm), very variable narrowly linear to

                                                   lanceolate, acute, plicate or fiat. Petiole short to 3cm, 

                                                   often absent

    05.4. Flowers                       : Light yellow, bisexual, sessile, regular, 1.2cm. Perianth

                                                   six lobed, lobes yellow ( 0.6-1x 0.2-0.3cm), stamens-6,

                                                   filaments filiform, to 2mm, anthers 2mm, ovary 3celled, 

                                                   oblong to 4mm. Ovules numerous per cell, style 2mm,

                                                   stigma-3, lobes elongate.

    05.5. Fruit                            : Oblong, 1.5-2cm long 8mm broad

    05.6. Seed                           :  8, globose to 2mm, beaked, fruit throughout the year

06. Reaction to major diseases  : Not reported

07. Medicinal Properties                       : Root stocks are sweet, cooling, bitter, diuretic,

                                                              carminative and tonic useful in pruritus, skin 

                                                              diseases, asthma, bronchitis, jaundice, diarrhea,

                                                              cuts and wounds, colic, vomiting etc.

08. Specific characteristics                    : The plant is distributed in planes and shows 

                                                               prostrate growth on moist fertile soil

 09. Specific recommendations   :

01. Crop                                  : Curculigo trichocarpa (Nilappana)

02. Institute                              : Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali

03. Pedigree                             : Collected from the forest regions of Ernakulam district.

04. Areas of Adoption              : Common on hills above 1000 M, in shades

05. Morphological characters

    05.1. Habit                           : Herbaceous

    05.2. Root stock                  : Elongate, erect

    05.3. Leaves                        : (9-25 x 1.5-3.5cm), lanceolate, flat-plicate, thin,

                                                   coriaceous, prominently 7 nerved below. Petioles usually

                                                   very long up to 25cm                                                             

    05.4. Flowers                       : Flowers to 1cm across, regular, usually bisexual,

                                                  sometimes male at the top. Perianth lobes 6, yellow, 3.8x

                                                  2mm, 3-5 nerved. Stamens-6, filaments erect to 1.5mm,

                                                  anthers2.5mm. Ovary 3 celled, to 2mm, ovules numerous

                                                  per cell. Style coulmnar to 1.5mm.

.    05.5. Fruit                            : Oblong- ellipsoid, subterate, to 1.8x 0.4cm.

    05.6. Seed                           : globose, 2mm, not beaked.

06. Reaction to major diseases  : Not reported

07. Medicinal Properties                       : Used as a substitute for Curculigo orchioides.

08. Specific characteristics        : The plant is distributed in the forest regions of the 

                                                    state, mostly at hills. Plant is erect and shade loving.

09. Specific recommendations   :

 01. Crop                                  : Alpinia galanga ( Aratta)

02. Institute                              : Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali

03. Pedigree                             : Local collection from the near by area of the station

04. Areas of Adoption              : Western ghats, Hilly areas of the state

05. Morphological characters

    05.1. Habit                           : Perennial herb

    05.2. Leaves                        : Oblong-lanceolate, glabrous, acuminate, up to 30.in.long

                                                and 6.in. wide, very short petioled, leafy stem 6-7 feet high.

    05.3. Flowers                       : Greenish white, lip veined with red. Flowers in open

                                                   panicles up to13.in. long.

    05.4. Fruit                            : Capsule about .6in diam, orange red.

06. Plant yield ( Rhizome)

   06.1. Fresh yield                    : 35582 kg/ ha

   06.2. Dry yield                      : 7116 kg/ ha

   06.3. Oil yield                        : 71.16 L/ha

   06.4. Oil recovery on

                  fresh weight basis    : 0.20%

  06.5. Oil recovery on

                  dry weight basis      : 0.99%

  06.6. Cineole in oil                  : 38.69 %

 

07. Reaction to major diseases  : Pests noted were shoot borers, leaf eating

                                                               caterpillars and leaf miners. Fungal diseases such

                                                               as blight and leaf spot are noticed.

08. Medicinal Properties                       : Rhizome is bitter, acrid, thermogenic, aromatic,

                                                              nervine tonic, stimulant, anti inflammatory  and

                                                               tonic useful in the treatment  of arthritis, inflam-

                                                              mations, cough, asthma, bronchitis, diabetes etc.

09. Specific characteristics                    :

10. Specific recommendations   :

 01. Crop                                  : Kaempferia rotunda( Chenganirkizhangu)

02. Institute                              : Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali

03. Pedigree                             : Local collection from the near by area of the station

04. Areas of Adoption              : Western ghats, Hilly areas of the state

05. Morphological characters

    05.1. Habit                           : Perennial herb

    05.2. Leaves                        : Few, erect, oblong, acuminate up to 12.in. long and 4.in.

                                                  wide, varigated green above, tinged with purple below

    05.3. Flowers                       : Appearing before the leaves on a short , crowded, radicle

                                                  spike, fragrant, white. The lip purple or lilac, anthers

                                                  deeply 2-fid.

06. Plant yield ( Rhizome)

   06.1. Fresh yield                    : 12983 kg/ ha

   06.2. Dry yield                      : 3895 kg/ ha

   06.3. Essential oil in the rhizome         : 0.26%

   06.4. Oleoresin in the rhizome            : 5.68%

 07. Reaction to major diseases  : Not noticed

08. Medicinal Properties                       : The tubers are acrid, thermogenic, aromatic, anti

                                                              inflammatory useful in gastropathy, dropsy,

                                                              inflammations, wounds, ulcers, blood clots,

                                                               tumours, and cancerous swellings.

 09. Specific characteristics                    :

 10. Specific recommendations   :

 01. Crop                                  : Curcuma zedoaria

02. Institute                              : Aromatic &Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali

03. Pedigree                             : Local collection from the near by area of the station

04. Areas of Adoption              : Western ghats, Hilly areas of the state

05. Morphological characters

    05.1. Habit                           : Perennial herb

    05.2. Leaves                        : Elliptic or lanceolate-oblong, finely acuminate 1-2 ft long,

                                                   petioles long

    05.3. Flowers                       : In an dense, bracteolate, strobiliform spike terminating in

                                                   a coma of larger usually coloured, sterile bracts. Lateral

                                                    staminodes petaloid. Anthers not crested, ovary 3 celled,

                                                    ovules many, axile placentation.

    05.4. Fruit                            : Globose, 3 valved capsule

    05.5. Seed                           : Ovoid or oblong, usually arillate

06. Plant yield ( Rhizome)

   06.1. Fresh yield                    : 28.24 t/ ha

   06.2. Dry yield                      : 7.89 t/ ha

   06.3. Oil yield                        : 91.79 L/ha

   06.4. Oil recovery on

                  fresh weight basis    : 0.33%

   06.5. Oil recovery on

                  dry weight basis      : 1.05%

   06.6. Oleoresin recovery       : 5.49 %

   06.7. Oleoresin yield  : 433.11kg/ha

 07. Reaction to major diseases: Not reported

08. Medicinal Properties           : Rhizome is bitter, carminative, appetiser and tonic and are

                                                  used in combination with astringents and aromatics for

                                                   bruises, sprains, bronchitis, cough, leucoderma and skin

                                                   reuptions,

09. Specific characteristics        :

10. Specific recommendations:

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Last modified: Tuesday, 26 June 2007 02:23:47 AM, Last automatically updated: Tuesday, 26 June 2007 02:23:52 AM
 All glory to my Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ who perfects that which concerns me